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Introduction to conflicts resolved with the help of media organisations, understanding conflicts, the importance of media intervention.
Media plays a crucial role in protecting the society from conflicts. This dissertation provides a vivid idea of how media policies and programmes can help society maintain peace and order. There are lots of challenges that media specialists face in resolving conflicts, whether it is caused by war between two different countries or dispute that two mammoth business enterprises face.
A media gives people free flowing access to information, encourages people to express their views, has greater political participation and encourages accountability and hence, due to such power of media to intervene and solve issues of a country, it has now become a platform to resolve problems that a society faces such as war, disputes between countries and political and social problems of a society.
The local media organisations gained prominence since them society’s development is attributed to the end of British rule in India and introduction of different personalities on radio stations. Radio had become the appropriate medium to spread information and become the platform for considering the problems of the society. At the time of British rule in India, the focus was not on conflict-stressed states. There is significant research in this field showing that the power of media as a driver of violence and conflict rather than bringing peace in the nation.
Later, media in the post British rule became a development seeker rather than a violence creator and as a development promoter it became the voice for the mass which brought out facts which helped in resolving the issues that existed in the society. For example, the major problem of partition of India into two independent states that is the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan was shown to millions of people with the help of media. There were conflicts between the religious communities that is the Hindu, the Muslim and the Sikh. Many people were murdered and looted and it was the media which presented the issue before the Governments. The media depicted the exact images of the conflict, messages from the religious community members which resulted in the decision making process conducted by the now divided nations.
Many international, regional and local organisations and especially the UN agencies are working with media in conflict effected countries. These organisations support free and independent media to discuss over divides and ensure all sections of society which includes people who are discriminated, marginalised are part of a democratic country.
Research: Media Under Siege Media monitoring project Zimbabwe December 2003
Book: Media Conflict prevention and reconstruction UNESCO June 2004
Book: Peace Journalism- How To Do It, Jake Lynch and Annabel McGoldrick